Shortened blacklist of Belarusian officials perceived as step forwards
Belarus is considering the shortened black list of officials banned from entering the EU as a symbolic gesture in improving cooperation and normalizing EU-Belarus relations. Meanwhile, her expectations from the dialogue with the EU remain low. On the one hand, the authorities anticipate that because of the dialogue the ruling group and Lukashenko personally will strengthen their positions. On the other hand, the opposition and civil society believe that the dialogue between the EU and the authorities might soften Lukashenko’s regime only in the long-term, while in the short-term it will not help to expand the frameworks for a political alternative.
As of July 9th, eight Belarusian officials were removed from the EU entry ban list and one was added.
The EU’s review of sanctions has not sparked a huge response inside Belarus and was regarded as a reciprocal gesture to Bialiatski’s release, i.e. a small step towards the normalization of relations between Belarus and the EU. As regards lifted sanctions, a Foreign Ministry representative said that there was no need to comment, as the Ministry’s stance about the sanctions’ unproductiveness had not changed. Meanwhile, cooperation between Belarus and the EU has continued in a measured and friendly manner: visa and investment issues were discussed in Brussels last week.
The expert community has assessed the progress in the Belarusian-European dialogue as moderately positive – they do not hang great hopes either on the dialogue or on its impact on Belarus’ democratisation. Experts have noted the cyclical nature of the Belarusian-European cooperation, notable for intensifying and warming ahead of presidential elections and for sharp cooling right after - due to the repressions against political opposition. The opposition is traditionally divided over the current EU-Belarus relations into radical and moderate. The radical opposition condemns the EU actions towards the Lukashenko regime.
Overall, Belarus and the EU are continuing a careful dialogue and strengthening mutual cooperation, however neither party is willing to make steps to accommodate one another which could affect their basic values and goals.
The Labour and the Tax Ministries are considering the possibility to include persons engaged in some economic activity without forming a legal entity in the social security system. When the decree No 337 comes into effect, the number of private entrepreneurs is likely to reduce due to the possibility of reducing the tax burden when switching to a tax payment as an individual. 95% of self-employed, including PE, pay insurance premiums on the basis of the minimum wage. The number of self-employed citizens is expected to increase, the number of insurance contributions to the pension system from PE will decrease, the number of citizens who will pay a fee to finance government spending will decrease by several tens. Self-employed citizens have the alternative not to pay social security fees and save resources for future pensions, which, given the gradual restriction by the state of pension requirements could be a more long-sighted option.