Russia continues attempts to gain control over Belaruskali
On June 6, during a press conference in Minsk, the Russian Ambassador Alexander Surikov said he was confident that the CJSC “Belarusian Potash Company” (exclusive trader of “Belaruskali” and Russian JSC “Uralkaliy”) will be reserved.
Ambassador Surikov’s statement should read that the fate of the BPC depends on the fulfillment of certain conditions by Belarus, which were discussed at a closed meeting during the visit of Russian President Putin to Minsk on 31 May - 1 June. It is obvious that the main condition is the sale of shares in a Belarusian major mining company “Belaruskali”.
The recent reaction of the Russian leadership of “Uralkliy” implies its new owner Mr. Karimov was not satisfied with the response of the Belarusian partners and that he is seeking to gain more control over BPC (Belarusian and Russian stakeholders hold equal 50/50 stakes in BPC), which, in turn, will strengthen his control over “Belaruskali” (100% ownership by the Belarusian government). Recently, General Director of “Uralkaliy” Mr. Baumgertner said the main office of BPC was likely to be moved to Switzerland.
If the offices of BPC are successfully moved to Switzerland, the new management of the “Uralkaliy-Silvinit” holding will attempt to monopolize the management of BPC. In particular, a political argument – sanctions against Belarusian companies – could be used. In that case, the status of BPC as a sole potash trader will enable to control “Belaruskali” without its actual purchase. Previously Belarus was forced to shift the jurisdiction over Beltehexport company - subject to EU sanctions - to Russia, which means the company was sold.
Finally, a dangerous precedent, i.e. Switzerland’s joining the EU sanctions against 32 Belarusian companies on April 30, 2012, creates favourable conditions for some influential lobbyists to call for international sanctions against BPC or even “Belaruskali” in the future. If that is the case, Russia will have an additional leverage of pressure on Belarus concerning redistribution of shares in these companies.
The Labour and the Tax Ministries are considering the possibility to include persons engaged in some economic activity without forming a legal entity in the social security system. When the decree No 337 comes into effect, the number of private entrepreneurs is likely to reduce due to the possibility of reducing the tax burden when switching to a tax payment as an individual. 95% of self-employed, including PE, pay insurance premiums on the basis of the minimum wage. The number of self-employed citizens is expected to increase, the number of insurance contributions to the pension system from PE will decrease, the number of citizens who will pay a fee to finance government spending will decrease by several tens. Self-employed citizens have the alternative not to pay social security fees and save resources for future pensions, which, given the gradual restriction by the state of pension requirements could be a more long-sighted option.