“People’s Referendum” Coalition reaches new campaigning standards
On September 4th, the “People’s Referendum” Coalition held a press conference. The coalition’s initiators plan to start collecting signatures to support their initiative in October, aiming to collect 50,000 signatures by the year-end and 450,000 signatures by the 2015 presidential election campaign. In late October, the initiators plan to decide on the final wording of the referendum questions.
The “People’s Referendum” Coalition has emerged as the most powerful opposition center, which is attractive for other political forces and activists. If the coalition’s plans are fulfilled, the presidential candidate from the coalition will have a solid support base for the 2015 election campaign. The choice of questions to be put forward for a referendum will determine the opportunities for the opposition to reach out to wider audiences.
On a positive note, the above-mentioned initiative unites oppositional political forces not against the incumbent president, but around their attitudes to certain issues. Much will depend on what questions will be put for a national plebiscite. If referendum questions are formulated and selected successfully, the coalition candidate may also gain support among social groups outside the usual opposition electorate.
The “People’s Referendum” coalition will attract more opposition activists and political forces if it continues developing its campaign. Joint field trips during the 2013 summer season have demonstrated the coalition leaders’ abilities to negotiate and cooperate. Activists in the Belarusian regions feel fatigue from the constant rivalry and conflicts between the opposition leaders. As a rule, opposition groups in the regions are much more united and used to joint actions, primarily due to the scarcity of resources. A recent conference in Gomel, organized by the newly created coalition “For Fair Elections” has proved this rule to be true. Many conference participants have expressed a lack of understanding of the need for an alternative opposition alliance, e.g. “For Fair Elections”, which was created in opposition to the “People’s Referendum”.
The release of Dmitry Dashkevich also introduces some uncertainty in the existing opposition forces’ line-up. The former political prisoner has said he will leave the ‘Malady Front’ and develop his political career. So far, Dashkevich has said nothing about how exactly he plans to take part in political life – either by creating his own party or joining an existing one. In ideological terms, Belarusian Christian Democracy would be the closest to Dashkevich’s views, but the party has recently softened its position in relation to the country’s leadership. If Dashkevich joins the BCD, the party’s position will become more radical (currently the BCD is cooperating with the “People’s Referendum” coalition on an election observation campaign).
Another former political prisoner and presidential candidate, Andrei Sannikov, has received a Kalinouski Programme scholarship, which implies his further detachment from active politics. Potentially, Sannikov will follow Ales Mikhalevich’s example, also a former presidential candidate in 2010, who, after being released from prison, emigrated and finished his PhD. Recently Mikhalevich has announced his ‘retirement’ from politics and is starting his own business. With a few exceptions, forced emigration leaves no room for further political activity.
Thus, in the near future the centripetal trends around the “People’s Referendum” Coalition will increase. Whether the coalition will manage to reach out beyond the usual ‘opposition’ electorate and win votes of the so-called ‘new majority’, will depend on the referendum questions they come up with. The coalition is not yet putting the single candidate issue on the agenda, which has a positive effect on internal coordination of its activities.
The Belarusian authorities have launched a discussion on the moratorium or abolition of the death penalty under the pressure of Belarusian human rights activists and international community. Apparently, the authorities are interested in monitoring public sentiments and response to the possible abolition of the capital punishment. The introduction of a moratorium on the death penalty would depend on the dynamics in Belarusian-European relations, efforts of the civil society organisations and Western capitals.
In Grodno last week, the possibility of abolishing the death penalty in Belarus or introducing a moratorium was discussed.
The Belarusian authorities are likely to continue to support the death penalty in Belarus. During his rule, President Lukashenka pardoned only one person, and courts sentenced to death more than 400 people since the early 1990s. Over the past year, Belarusian courts sentenced to death several persons and one person was executed.
There are no recent independent polls about people’s attitude about the death penalty in Belarus. Apparently, this issue is not a priority for the population. In many ways, public opinion about the abolition of the death penalty would depend on the tone of the state-owned media reports.
That said, the Belarusian Orthodox Church and the Roman-Catholic Church stand for the abolition of the capital punishment, however their efforts in this regard only limit to public statements about their stance. Simultaneously, the authorities could have influenced public opinion about the death penalty through a focused media campaign in the state media. As they did, for example, with the nuclear power plant construction in Astravets. Initially unpopular project of the NPP construction was broadly promoted in the state media, and eventually, according to independent pollsters, was accepted by most population.