Minsk probes measures to combat hybrid war in Belarus
The Belarusian authorities have held command and staff exercises of the territorial forces and defence bodies of the Gomel region , and announced strengthening of the land border. Official Minsk probes measures to counter the penetration of illegal armed groups and resist hybrid military action in Belarus. It is noteworthy that the exercises are carried out in the southeast of Belarus at the Belarusian-Ukrainian border and close to the border with Russia. In order to pre-empt any accusations by the Kremlin media of ‘unfriendly’ nature of such exercises, the Belarusian Security Council announced on behalf of President Lukashenko, that military exercises were held to check the efficiency of the Belarusian-Ukrainian border protection. As presidential elections draw closer in Belarus, the authorities might strengthen national security measures and might take additional measures to counter possible destabilization of the socio-political situation.
The Labour and the Tax Ministries are considering the possibility to include persons engaged in some economic activity without forming a legal entity in the social security system. When the decree No 337 comes into effect, the number of private entrepreneurs is likely to reduce due to the possibility of reducing the tax burden when switching to a tax payment as an individual. 95% of self-employed, including PE, pay insurance premiums on the basis of the minimum wage. The number of self-employed citizens is expected to increase, the number of insurance contributions to the pension system from PE will decrease, the number of citizens who will pay a fee to finance government spending will decrease by several tens. Self-employed citizens have the alternative not to pay social security fees and save resources for future pensions, which, given the gradual restriction by the state of pension requirements could be a more long-sighted option.