Minsk enlisted support from Baku in case of pressure from Kremlin
While meeting in a narrow format, Presidents of Belarus and Azerbaijan, Lukashenka and Aliyev, have agreed to develop cooperation from military-industrial to petrochemical sphere. It is worth noting that the Belarusian and Azeri leaders have a relationship of trust, and the Belarusian-Azerbaijani trade turnover has been preserved at the same level, while it has fallen with other countries. In addition, President Ilham Aliyev had repeatedly rescued President Alexander Lukashenka by providing ‘bailout’ loans when relations with the Kremlin deteriorated (2010) and during the financial and economic crisis (2011). Baku also assisted Minsk with Venezuelan oil supplies to Belarus on swap - contracts. Perhaps, Minsk is once again attempting to ensure support from Baku, including financial, just in case the Kremlin starts insisting on the deployment of the Russian air base in Belarus.
The Belarusian authorities have launched a discussion on the moratorium or abolition of the death penalty under the pressure of Belarusian human rights activists and international community. Apparently, the authorities are interested in monitoring public sentiments and response to the possible abolition of the capital punishment. The introduction of a moratorium on the death penalty would depend on the dynamics in Belarusian-European relations, efforts of the civil society organisations and Western capitals.
In Grodno last week, the possibility of abolishing the death penalty in Belarus or introducing a moratorium was discussed.
The Belarusian authorities are likely to continue to support the death penalty in Belarus. During his rule, President Lukashenka pardoned only one person, and courts sentenced to death more than 400 people since the early 1990s. Over the past year, Belarusian courts sentenced to death several persons and one person was executed.
There are no recent independent polls about people’s attitude about the death penalty in Belarus. Apparently, this issue is not a priority for the population. In many ways, public opinion about the abolition of the death penalty would depend on the tone of the state-owned media reports.
That said, the Belarusian Orthodox Church and the Roman-Catholic Church stand for the abolition of the capital punishment, however their efforts in this regard only limit to public statements about their stance. Simultaneously, the authorities could have influenced public opinion about the death penalty through a focused media campaign in the state media. As they did, for example, with the nuclear power plant construction in Astravets. Initially unpopular project of the NPP construction was broadly promoted in the state media, and eventually, according to independent pollsters, was accepted by most population.