In light of sovereignty threat, Belarusian opposition questions ‘maidan’ scenario
The Belarusian opposition is revising its strategies for the 2015 presidential elections, calling into question the feasibility of gathering people on the ‘square’. Influenced by the events in Ukraine, those who advocate for a dialogue with the government in order to retain the country’s independence are strengthening their positions. The opposition and the Belarusian authorities are attempting to take steps to smooth the deep rift in the Belarusian society over values.
Last week, discussions related to Ukraine’s lessons for Belarus took place. In particular, on April 2nd, a discussion took place in the “Tell the Truth!” offices in Minsk.
During the first months of the Maidan, along with the increasing protest activity in Kiev, the Belarusian opposition was very optimistic about the opportunities for large-scale public protests in Minsk. Most opposition leaders were supportive of the power change in Ukraine and expressed support for the new Ukrainian leadership, some even visited revolutionary Kiev. Although the opposition -minded people were doubting the possibility of Ukrainian scenario in Belarus to remove President Lukashenko from office, the opposition leaders started regarding ‘the square’ scenario as a likely development during the 2015 presidential campaign.
However, the bloodshed in January, the Russian invasion, the annexation of Crimea, and the Kremlin’s attempts to destabilize the situation in mainland Ukraine, have prompted the Belarusian opposition to reassess the potential negative effects of harsh confrontation with the authorities.
Ukrainian events have shaped the opposition’s agenda in two major ways. On the one hand, some opposition parties have started referring to Ukrainian events in their public addresses, organizing various activities in support of Ukraine. However, most people reacted cautiously to the events in Ukraine and do not show support for pro-Ukrainian rhetoric.
On the other hand, the threat of losing sovereignty has prompted the ‘People’s Referendum’ organizers to start discussions about the need to consolidate the Belarusian society around the idea of independence. They propose putting pressure on the government to introduce gradual economic and then political transformations.
Most opposition leaders understand there is a need to balance Russian influence on Belarus with a coherent European policy. But rapprochement with the EU is impossible while there are political prisoners in Belarus – that is also a principal issue for the opposition.
Despite strengthening the repressive mechanism against any protest activity, the authorities simultaneously attempt to smooth over the value-based split in Belarusian society. For example, the Belarusian leadership has allowed a cautious increase in the amount of Belarusian language used and historical discussions in the information space.
As the Belarusian state becomes weaker, and external threats to the country’s sovereignty increase, the opposition has started thinking about other scenarios than the ‘square’ for the presidential campaign in 2015. Opposition parties are not interested in sharpening the confrontation with the Belarusian authorities.
The Belarusian authorities regard the Catholic conference as yet another international event to promote Minsk as a global negotiating platform. Minsk’s proposal to organise a meeting between the Roman-Catholic Church and the Russian Orthodox Church is rather an image-making undertaking than a serious intention. However, the authorities could somewhat extend the opportunities for the Roman-Catholic Church in Belarus due to developing contacts with the Catholic world.
Minsk is attempting to lay out a mosaic from various international religious, political and sportive events to shape a positive image of Belarus for promoting the Helsinki 2.0 idea.
Belarus’ invitation to the head of the Holy See for a meeting with the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church should be regarded as a continuation of her foreign policy efforts in shaping Minsk’s peacekeeping image and enhancing Belarus’ international weight. The Belarusian authorities are aware that their initiative is unlikely to find supporters among the leadership of the Russian Orthodox Church in Moscow. In Russia, isolationist sentiments prevail.
In addition, for domestic audiences, the authorities make up for the lack of tangible economic growth with demonstrations of growth in Minsk’s authority at international level through providing a platform for religious, sportive and other dialogues.