Kremlin is ready to provide limited support for Belarusian econom
The Kremlin offered support for the Belarusian economy by enabling Belarusian enterprises to participate in the Russian import substitution programme. The Belarusian authorities count on financial assistance from Russia to stitch-up economic imbalances if negotiations with international creditors, such as the IMF lead to no avail. Meanwhile, amid growing crisis in the Belarusian economy, the Belarusian authorities want to ensure socio-political stability in the country.
Last week, Presidents Lukashenko and Putin held a bilateral meeting and discussed prospects of Russo-Belarusian cooperation. The meeting took place right before the Supreme Council of the Union State, which focused mainly on mutual trade barriers and ways to remove them.
Belarus’ Prime Minister Kobyakov and Russian PM Medvedev signed an intergovernmental plan to improve conditions for trade and economic cooperation. According to the plan, in the following six months, favourable conditions for mutual trade should be restored. In addition, Minsk and Moscow signed a number of intergovernmental agreements on migration and social issues.
At the opening session of the Supreme State Council, President Lukashenko spoke in favour of greater powers and functions of the EAEC. Most likely, his statement has meant to set a good background for talks with Putin. In particular, after the bilateral talks, President Putin said that Belarus and Russia intended to create a common visa space. However, official Minsk is unlikely to grant additional powers to supranational bodies. The Belarusian Foreign Ministry’s Press Secretary Mironchik later underscored, that single visa space was “not a matter of one day or even one year”, that it required “involvement and participation of our common foreign partners”.
There were no official reports about Russia and Belarus reaching a loan agreement. Russian Finance Minister Siluanov confirmed that the parties did not consider "the issue of a loan for Minsk”. In addition, the EurAsEC Anti-Crisis Fund deterred the consideration of the remaining tranche for Belarus until May. In June 2011, the EurAsEC ACF decided to allocate a USD 3 billion loan for Belarus, however the last trance of that loan had not yet been transferred due to the fact that the Belarusian authorities had not complied with 10 of 14 loan requirements.
Meanwhile, Minsk is counting on positive response from the IMF regarding the Government’s package of measures to stabilise economy, which the authorities are trying to present as structural economic reforms. The annual regular IMF mission will work in Belarus until March 16th.
Since the authorities do not have sufficient funds to buy the loyalty of the population with wage growth, they strengthen their power policy. Upon his return from Moscow, President Lukashenko met with senior staff of the Interior Ministry, MIA Troops and students from the Internal Troops Faculty of the Military Academy. In recent years, the president has been meeting the stat security forces regularly, including his recent visit to the Defence Ministry.
During the meeting, President Lukashenko warned against possible destabilisation in socio-political environment, “I have reiterated this many times, but I find it necessary to emphasise once again that ‘maidan’ will not happen in Belarus. We have to fully preserve the rule of law and our own country”. In addition, amid Russian invasion of Ukraine, there are fewer supporters in the Belarusian opposition of the revolutionary scenario, which could lead to the change of power through mass protests on election day.
President Lukashenko underscored that provocations could take place during the Victory Day celebrations (May 9th). In the face of rising tension in the region, the Belarusian authorities seem to fear attempts to destabilise the situation in Belarus, demonstrating therefore their readiness to cope with such threats.
Official Minsk continues to regard the Kremlin as the main creditor in the event of a crisis in the Belarusian economy. Simultaneously, the authorities believe they should demonstrate their willingness to control the socio-political environment in the country independently.
The Belarusian authorities have launched a discussion on the moratorium or abolition of the death penalty under the pressure of Belarusian human rights activists and international community. Apparently, the authorities are interested in monitoring public sentiments and response to the possible abolition of the capital punishment. The introduction of a moratorium on the death penalty would depend on the dynamics in Belarusian-European relations, efforts of the civil society organisations and Western capitals.
In Grodno last week, the possibility of abolishing the death penalty in Belarus or introducing a moratorium was discussed.
The Belarusian authorities are likely to continue to support the death penalty in Belarus. During his rule, President Lukashenka pardoned only one person, and courts sentenced to death more than 400 people since the early 1990s. Over the past year, Belarusian courts sentenced to death several persons and one person was executed.
There are no recent independent polls about people’s attitude about the death penalty in Belarus. Apparently, this issue is not a priority for the population. In many ways, public opinion about the abolition of the death penalty would depend on the tone of the state-owned media reports.
That said, the Belarusian Orthodox Church and the Roman-Catholic Church stand for the abolition of the capital punishment, however their efforts in this regard only limit to public statements about their stance. Simultaneously, the authorities could have influenced public opinion about the death penalty through a focused media campaign in the state media. As they did, for example, with the nuclear power plant construction in Astravets. Initially unpopular project of the NPP construction was broadly promoted in the state media, and eventually, according to independent pollsters, was accepted by most population.