Election campaign unfolding in the usual way
No significant deviations in the course of the preliminary stage of the campaign have been observed. All campaign participants use it to achieve their own objectives and, therefore, interested in preserving the traditional format.
On July 19th was the deadline for submitting application for parliamentary candidates’ initiative groups’ registration. A total of 439 applications have been submitted.
Compared with the 2008 Parliamentary campaign, there were no deviations in the flow of this election campaign stage. In 2008 455 applications were filed, in 2012 – 439. The decision about the groups’ registration will be made by the Central Election Commission next week, then until August 13th, the registered groups will be collecting signatures for their nominees.
Belarusian authorities have demonstrated moderate willingness to cooperate with international observers. On July 16th-18th, the OSCE/ODIHR needs assessment mission worked in Belarus, holding several meetings in the Belarusian Central Election Commission and the Parliament. It should be noted that previously the government had a more radical attitude and expressed doubts about the need to invite the OSCE observers. In turn, On July 20th, the OSCE announced that it will send a full-fledged observation mission to Belarus.
The opposition is acting within the previously marked trend: various opposition groups are using the campaign to address local political problems, in particular to strengthen their own positions and to create new coalitions.
For instance, last week a correspondent solidarity action between a moderate and constructive opposition leader Alexander Milinkevich, (“For Freedom” movement) and imprisoned Mikola Statkevich, leader of the Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Narodnaya Gromada) took place. Mr. Milinkevich, who plans to run for MP in Minsk, became a member of the initiative group for nominating Statkevich.
Since the probability of Mr. Statkevich’s release and rehabilitation before the elections is very low, this action has a symbolic and reputational nature, and confirms the general rule that the opposition regards elections as an additional platform to address their most pressing problems, i.e. reformatting the old coalitions and redistributing staff (there are 114 members in the Statkevich’s initiative group, which is a valuable resource in case of registration failure).
Finally, it should be noted that the level of activity by boycott supporters has decreased: the most radically-minded opposition restricts to awareness-raising campaign on independent websites. This is due to the dilution of the overall boycott strategy (there have been three elections boycott options proposed by various opposition groups: unconditional, conditional and active), and the lack of an authoritative leader in the boycott campaign. It was anticipated that ex-presidential candidate Mr. Sannikov could become such a leader. However, after his release from prison in April, he opted out of public politics.
According to Decree No. 221 of June 23rd, 2017, deadlines for the completion of foreign trade operations have been extended from 90 to 180 days for exports and from 60 to 90 days for imports. Delayed payments entailed a fine up to 2% of the transaction cost for each day of the delay, but could not exceed the total cost of the transaction. Most companies, when working with new counterparties, require a deferred payment for a period of three to six months. Due to the new regulation, violations are likely to reduce in number, so as the fines. Trade enterprises are likely to expand the assortment list due to the supply of new products in small lots, and the assortment list of exported Belarusian goods could expand, too. The new terms for completing foreign trade transactions would enable medium and small companies on the foreign trade market, exporters and importers are likely to grow in number and the geography of export-import operations could expand.