Belarusian opposition transforms people’s natural discontent with government policies into organised pressure
The Belarusian opposition has channelled spontaneous protest activity of Belarusians into the organised massive pressure on the authorities. Despite differences in approaches, the opposition parties have avoided mutual criticism and made a cumulative impact on the Belarusian leadership thanks to various activities. The authorities are likely to attempt to ease tension in society and weaken the protest movement by suspending the decree ‘on social parasites’.
Last week, Belarusian opposition leaders met with representatives of the Presidential Administration to discuss the decree on ‘social parasites’.
Public pressure on the government to abolish the decree on ‘social parasites’ has built up and prompted the Belarusian authorities to launch a large-scale campaign aiming to neutralise the protest movement. In addition to the information campaign in the state media, officials from the presidential administration held numerous meetings in the regions and in Minsk in order to ease tension and prevent people from participating in street protests. By criticising local officials, the ruling elite is attempting to localise people’s discontent and somewhat relieve outrage against the top leadership.
The opposition is attempting to channel spontaneous protests of citizens into an organised activity by using both, legal means within the legislative framework (eg "Tell the Truth" and the centre-right coalition) and unsanctioned non-violent street protests (eg the Belarusian National Congress). According to independent media reports, in the past month, parties and independent trade unions managed to collect more than 75000 signatures for a petition to abolish the decree.
Despite the differences among the opposition about the unauthorised ‘March of Angry Belarusians’, the organisers managed to mobilise unexpectedly many participants (more than 2000 people), including many new people from the regions. This proves that previously politically passive Belarusians have somewhat radicalised. In addition, the March organisers are attempting to legitimise themselves as leaders of the protest movement in order to impose their agenda in negotiations with the authorities and to strengthen positions among other, more moderate opposition parties, which could build-up tension and lead to conflicts among the opposition.
The popularity of protest activity among the opposition is likely to enhance along with the radicalisation of the rhetoric by street leaders. The authorities are likely to suspend the decree in one way or the other.
According to Belstat, in August 7,600 people were dismissed, including 4,800 civil servants. Dismissals of civil servants were due to the optimisation in the public administration by up to 30%. Some civil servants would retain their job however would lose the status of a civil servant. Vacancies on the labour market are likely to reduce in number, thanks to the optimisation, the state administration would increase wages for public servants. The payroll fund for retained employees is likely to increase and some former state employees are likely to get jobs in affiliated organizations. The optimisation of the state apparatus should complete by January 1st, 2018, and some former civil servants are likely to join the ranks of the unemployed.