Belarusian opposition is attempting to shape public interest in adjustments to political system
Last week, several dozen people held a rally in Minsk on the anniversary of the 1996 referendum. Unlike discussions in the independent media about the referendum in 1996, not many people participated in the oppositional event. In turn, the loyal Liberal Democratic Party proposed to hold a new referendum to adjust the political system in favour of the party system, which would strengthen the nomenclature groups and create the mechanisms of power succession. In autumn 2016, organisers of protest activity repeatedly attempted to mobilize their supporters to participate in street actions, but to no avail, there were few participants in their events. The Belarusian authorities continue to apply financial pressure on the opposition through high penalties for the most active participants and have not used force in counteracting unauthorized activity. Such financial approach to curb the protest activity has proved efficient. Meanwhile, the population demonstrates political apathy and indifference to the appeals by the opposition to join protest activity with political slogans.
President Lukashenka continues to rotate staff and rejuvenate heads of departments and universities following new appointments in regional administrations. Apparently, new Information Minister Karliukevich could somewhat relax the state policy towards the independent media and introduce technological solutions for retaining control over Belarus’ information space. New rectors could strengthen the trend for soft Belarusization in the regions and tighten the disciplinary and ideological control over the student movement in the capital.
President Lukashenka has appointed new ministers of culture and information, the new rector of the Belarusian State University and heads of three universities, assistants in the Minsk and Vitebsk regions.
The new Information Minister Karliukevich is likely to avoid controversial initiatives similar to those former Minister Ananich was famous for, however, certainly within his capacities. Nevertheless, the appointment of Belarusian-speaking writer Karliukevich could be regarded as the state’s cautious attempt to relax environment in the media field and ensure the sovereignty of national media.
The Belarusian leadership has consolidated the trend for mild Belarusization by appointing a young historian and a ‘reasonable nationalist’, Duk as the rector at the Kuleshov State University in Mogilev. Meanwhile, while choosing the head of the Belarusian State University, the president apparently had in mind the strengthening of the ideological loyalty among the teaching staff and students at the main university in order to keep the youth movement at bay. Previously, Korol was the rector of the Kupala State University in Grodno, where he held purges among the disloyal teaching staff.
The trend for the renewal of mid-ranking executives and their rejuvenation has confirmed. The age of the Culture Minister and three new rectors varies from 39 to 44 years old.