Belarusian authorities have localized protest activity of entrepreneurs in regions as yet
Spontaneous protest activity has grown in business environment and the idea of creating a broad national movement is trending. As yet the Belarusian government has localised the protest activity in the regions and controls street activity through negotiations between the local administration and entrepreneurs. The authorities are likely to make more concessions to SMEs if protest activity in the regions persists and spreads to the capital.
Massive spontaneous rallies of entrepreneurs are taking place virtually in all Belarusian regions. Most of them have not been sanctioned by the authorities and take place in the city markets. In some larger towns, entrepreneurs have protested near local administrations (for example, in Vitebsk and Orsha). Independent media has reported about circa 150-300 protesters in regional centres and major cities.
So far, SME protest activity has manifested in suspended activity for an indefinite period, the refusal to pay taxes and rents, and spontaneous meetings. During the meetings entrepreneurs nominate and elect candidates for the next anti-crisis business forum scheduled for February 1st, 2016 in Minsk.
In addition, the authorities hold talks with the SMEs in order to develop a compromise solution suitable for both sides, however, to no avail as yet. For instance, entrepreneurs insist on fully revoking or postponing the ban on trade in light industry goods without supporting documents. In turn, local authorities claim to have agreements with Belarusian manufacturers to supply domestic goods to small business with discounts or deterred payments.
The Belarusian authorities are likely to insist on their measures so as they seek to reduce imports and promote Belarusian producers.
It is worth noting, that protesters are particularly unhappy with the fact that the authorities sell goods confiscated from the SMEs to the population in order to replenish the state budget. That said, the authorities sell goods seized from entrepreneurs through public trading networks without supporting documents.
So far, entrepreneurs in the capital have neither demonstrated radical attitudes, nor have politicised their claims vis-à-vis the authorities. Most protesters have publicly emphasised their apolitical stance and the loyalty towards President Lukashenka. However, leaders of the entrepreneurs’ movement are attempting to coordinate their activity, liaise with their colleagues from different regions, and expand networks in order to organise joint actions and form a trade union.
That said, only entrepreneurs selling imported light industry goods have been engaged in the protest activity. Simultaneously, some of them continue to run their business without the supporting documents and not taking part in the protests. In addition, other SME groups, not engaged in trade in light industry goods, have not shown solidarity with their counterparts.
The Belarusian leadership has used the local authorities to sooth protest moods and to localise them in the regions – representatives of local administrations participated in SME meetings. In addition, regional authorities have provided facilities for SME meetings – on the one hand, due to the fear of the rise in street protests, on the other – due to the dependence of local governments on the work of local markets. Despite the presence of numerous law enforcement representatives at the SME meetings, no force has been used against the activists. The president has not yet stepped in with a suitable solution to relieve tension in relations with entrepreneurs.
In turn, the opposition parties have attempted to initiate a broad campaign in solidarity with SMEs. However, their initiative has not developed. The population has neither shown visible support for SMEs, nor has expressed dissatisfaction with the state’s import restriction policy.
Overall, the authorities will do their best to prevent the spread of SME protest activity to the capital.
President Lukashenka continues to rotate staff and rejuvenate heads of departments and universities following new appointments in regional administrations. Apparently, new Information Minister Karliukevich could somewhat relax the state policy towards the independent media and introduce technological solutions for retaining control over Belarus’ information space. New rectors could strengthen the trend for soft Belarusization in the regions and tighten the disciplinary and ideological control over the student movement in the capital.
President Lukashenka has appointed new ministers of culture and information, the new rector of the Belarusian State University and heads of three universities, assistants in the Minsk and Vitebsk regions.
The new Information Minister Karliukevich is likely to avoid controversial initiatives similar to those former Minister Ananich was famous for, however, certainly within his capacities. Nevertheless, the appointment of Belarusian-speaking writer Karliukevich could be regarded as the state’s cautious attempt to relax environment in the media field and ensure the sovereignty of national media.
The Belarusian leadership has consolidated the trend for mild Belarusization by appointing a young historian and a ‘reasonable nationalist’, Duk as the rector at the Kuleshov State University in Mogilev. Meanwhile, while choosing the head of the Belarusian State University, the president apparently had in mind the strengthening of the ideological loyalty among the teaching staff and students at the main university in order to keep the youth movement at bay. Previously, Korol was the rector of the Kupala State University in Grodno, where he held purges among the disloyal teaching staff.
The trend for the renewal of mid-ranking executives and their rejuvenation has confirmed. The age of the Culture Minister and three new rectors varies from 39 to 44 years old.