Authorities to amend the electoral system to safeguard the political system
On August 6th President Lukashenko held a meeting to discuss possible amendments to the Belarus’ electoral legislation.
The ruling group is eager to preserve the existing electoral system and control over the elections. Simultaneously, the authorities seek to increase the election participants’ loyalty by introducing organizational and financial incentives, which however might complicate the control over the electoral process.
Original Electoral reform project, proposed by the Central Elections Commission, has undergone significant changes. In particular, the country’s leadership rejected CEC proposals to abolish village and town Councils of Deputies and to enable candidates’ nomination by non-governmental organizations listing more than 1,000 members. Another proposal - to increase electoral funds and enable their formation at the initiative group’s registration stage - is ‘under discussion’.
Thus, it should be anticipated that the current electoral system will not see ‘revolutionary’ changes as proposed by the CEC. The ruling group assessed them as bearing excessive risks for losing control over the election campaigns. Instead, the government aims at strengthening the existing electoral system and increasing the loyalty of its agents – primarily election commissions’ members, responsible for the elections outcome. The authorities are even prepared to step up the system’s complexity and to take the associated risks.
For instance, local authorities are offered an organizational incentive, i.e. to set up seven additional regional election commissions for the parliamentary elections, which will take over some CEC functions. If adopted, this amendment is likely to raise the elections’ costs: in other words, will increase local budgets and will raise the status of regional commissions’ leaders.
In addition, the authorities are also offering a financial stimulus: election commissions will be granted the right to print campaign materials for candidates (currently candidates themselves print campaign materials using funds provided by the state). If this proposal is adopted, it will make sense for the local commissions’ leaders to register greater number of candidates. For example, printing of the campaign materials is budgeted at 50 basic units (circa USD 560) per candidate in the parliamentary elections. In 2012, 375 candidates were registered, i.e. the overall ‘propaganda’ budget during the parliamentary elections was over USD 200,000.
Apparently, the ruling group is prepared to take these potential risks – elevating the local authorities’ status and encouraging registration of greater number of candidates – in order to increase the election campaign’s budget and, accordingly, the local authorities and election commission members’ loyalty, (since the latter will be responsible for the budget implementation).
The draft amendments to the electoral legislation to be finalized and submitted to the Parliament in late August – early September, CEC representative said.
According to Belstat, in August 7,600 people were dismissed, including 4,800 civil servants. Dismissals of civil servants were due to the optimisation in the public administration by up to 30%. Some civil servants would retain their job however would lose the status of a civil servant. Vacancies on the labour market are likely to reduce in number, thanks to the optimisation, the state administration would increase wages for public servants. The payroll fund for retained employees is likely to increase and some former state employees are likely to get jobs in affiliated organizations. The optimisation of the state apparatus should complete by January 1st, 2018, and some former civil servants are likely to join the ranks of the unemployed.