No concessions from Minsk in the ‘dairy war’
Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev supported Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich’s initiative to launch an anti-dumping examination against Belarus on the dairy market.
In a way, it was the Kremlin’s reaction to the delayed privatisation of large Belarusian assets for the Russian capital’s benefit by President Lukahenko. Amid falling exports of industrial products, Belarus’ dairy exports to Russia grew in 2013 and made up a substantial part of the state budget revenues. If a ‘dairy war’ unfolds, Belarus will not yield to the pressure from Russia, because Lukashenko counts on President Vladimir Putin’s support within the Eurasian integration project.
The Labour and the Tax Ministries are considering the possibility to include persons engaged in some economic activity without forming a legal entity in the social security system. When the decree No 337 comes into effect, the number of private entrepreneurs is likely to reduce due to the possibility of reducing the tax burden when switching to a tax payment as an individual. 95% of self-employed, including PE, pay insurance premiums on the basis of the minimum wage. The number of self-employed citizens is expected to increase, the number of insurance contributions to the pension system from PE will decrease, the number of citizens who will pay a fee to finance government spending will decrease by several tens. Self-employed citizens have the alternative not to pay social security fees and save resources for future pensions, which, given the gradual restriction by the state of pension requirements could be a more long-sighted option.