With MLRS Polonaise Minsk has more room for manoeuvre
Initially, MLRS Polonaise has been developed in order to replace Soviet missile legacy. As a result, Belarus has a missile system, which is technically completely independent from co-operation with post-Soviet countries. This explains its political and symbolic significance and expands foreign manoeuvre opportunities for Belarus.
Last week, the state media informed that Belarus introduced into service the heavy multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) Polonaise and supplied the first batch to the army. The weapon was designed for precision striking against ground targets at ranges from 50 to 200 km.
In the mid-2000s, at the peak of their financial capacity the Belarusian authorities decided about weapon upgrades. By then, the storage deadline for the tactical missile complex Tochka-U, inherited from the Soviet Union, had almost expired. Russia then refused to supply new tactical missile to Belarus, which prompted her to seek technical assistance in China. Polonaise came as a result of Sino-Belarusian cooperation.
It is worth noting that Polonaise is not something revolutionary: with China’s technical assistance, Turkey and Thailand have launched the production of heavy MLRS. Yet Polonaise is one of the most modern MRLs in the class and has some characteristic close to the tactical ballistic missile.
It has been an ongoing trend for many Belarusian neighbours to supply their armies with ballistic missiles for ground strikes. For example, Russia has 9K720 Iskander, Ukraine is at an advanced stage of developing the ballistic missile Grim, Poland purchased the Norwegian NSM and the American AGM-158 JASSM air-land cruise missiles. All of the above weapons have / will have a range greater than 200 km.
Minsk has weapons of strategic deterrence at its disposal, which to some extent widens the field for political manoeuvring, as it increases Belarus’ ability to sustain possible external pressure. Highly mobile heavy MLRS may be used in any direction, depending on where the threat comes from. The MLRS Polonaise is one of the few weapons in the Belarusian army, which do not require Russian maintenance. However, they require Chinese services in terms of missiles supply (or their main parts). Due to the need to achieve a strategic parity with the neighbours, the Belarusian army requires ballistic missile systems capable to strike at distances over 200 km.
The Labour and the Tax Ministries are considering the possibility to include persons engaged in some economic activity without forming a legal entity in the social security system. When the decree No 337 comes into effect, the number of private entrepreneurs is likely to reduce due to the possibility of reducing the tax burden when switching to a tax payment as an individual. 95% of self-employed, including PE, pay insurance premiums on the basis of the minimum wage. The number of self-employed citizens is expected to increase, the number of insurance contributions to the pension system from PE will decrease, the number of citizens who will pay a fee to finance government spending will decrease by several tens. Self-employed citizens have the alternative not to pay social security fees and save resources for future pensions, which, given the gradual restriction by the state of pension requirements could be a more long-sighted option.