Minsk is counting on Vatican in normalizing Belarusian-European relations
During a meeting with the Apostolic Nuncio in Belarus Claudio Gugerotti, President Lukashenka said that he would like to meet with Pope Francis. The Belarusian officials from time to time talk about their interest in the mutual visits at the highest level between Belarus and Vatican. They are unlikely to expect Pope Francis’ visit to Belarus as head of the Catholic Church due to the opposition from the Belarusian Orthodox Church bishops. However, Minsk is attempting to step up diplomatic contacts with the Holy See and to use them as an additional mechanism for the normalization of relations with Western capitals. On their side, the Belarusian authorities are ready not to interfere with the development of the Catholic Church in the country.
The Belarusian authorities have launched a discussion on the moratorium or abolition of the death penalty under the pressure of Belarusian human rights activists and international community. Apparently, the authorities are interested in monitoring public sentiments and response to the possible abolition of the capital punishment. The introduction of a moratorium on the death penalty would depend on the dynamics in Belarusian-European relations, efforts of the civil society organisations and Western capitals.
In Grodno last week, the possibility of abolishing the death penalty in Belarus or introducing a moratorium was discussed.
The Belarusian authorities are likely to continue to support the death penalty in Belarus. During his rule, President Lukashenka pardoned only one person, and courts sentenced to death more than 400 people since the early 1990s. Over the past year, Belarusian courts sentenced to death several persons and one person was executed.
There are no recent independent polls about people’s attitude about the death penalty in Belarus. Apparently, this issue is not a priority for the population. In many ways, public opinion about the abolition of the death penalty would depend on the tone of the state-owned media reports.
That said, the Belarusian Orthodox Church and the Roman-Catholic Church stand for the abolition of the capital punishment, however their efforts in this regard only limit to public statements about their stance. Simultaneously, the authorities could have influenced public opinion about the death penalty through a focused media campaign in the state media. As they did, for example, with the nuclear power plant construction in Astravets. Initially unpopular project of the NPP construction was broadly promoted in the state media, and eventually, according to independent pollsters, was accepted by most population.