Lukashenko aspires to be in the Russo-American conflict’s epicenter
On February 21st, at a meeting with KGB Chairman Vladimir Vakulchik, President Lukashenko asked about progress in building constructive relationships with the West.
President Lukashenko aims to demonstrate the independence of his policies and to enhance his political weight in negotiations with Russian President Putin, as well to strengthen discipline in the Belarus’ law enforcement agencies. Belarusian leadership needs to increase the “Western alibi”, at least for appearances’ sake.
Lukashenko wants to achieve at least two goals. First, the Belarusian President had to respond to the statement Russian President Vladimir Putin made at the February 14th meeting of Federal Security Service, that the security services of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan should reliably protect the sovereign rights of Russia and its partners in developing the Eurasian integration project. The Putin’s statement was a response to Clinton’s assessment of efforts to promote greater economic integration in Eurasia as “a move to re-Sovietize the region” (Dublin, December 2012).
Belarusian authorities are used to playing on geopolitical conflicts between the major regional powers - Russia, the EU and the U.S. Therefore President Lukashenko enjoys the “favorable” situation and aspires to be in the epicenter of a new controversy: shows interest in a constructive dialogue between Belarus and the EU and the United States immediately after the Putin’s harsh statements. The Belarusian authorities – from their perspective – want to demonstrate their geopolitical independence from the Kremlin and hope to capitalize from it.
Second, Lukashenko’s meeting with the KGB Chairman was a preventive measure. The piquancy of the situation is that when Putin made his statement about the special services of the three countries’ cooperation, Belarusian President was outside the country – on February 11th – 20th he was on a “working vacation” in Sochi. After his return, Lukashenko had to demonstrate to the Belarusian KGB and other security agencies that he (not Putin) was in charge of determining their operational objectives, whether regarding Eurasian integration, or dialogue with the West.
Moreover, during his visit to Sochi, Lukashenko did not meet with President Putin, which would be important to discuss disputable bilateral issues before the Supreme Council of the Belarus-Russia Union State meeting, scheduled for March 15th in St. Petersburg. It is therefore very likely that in the coming three weeks the Belarusian authorities will continue demonstrating interest in a new dialogue with the West. Nevertheless, the future of this yet ‘virtual’ dialogue depends on the outcomes of negotiations in St. Petersburg.
According to Belstat, in August 7,600 people were dismissed, including 4,800 civil servants. Dismissals of civil servants were due to the optimisation in the public administration by up to 30%. Some civil servants would retain their job however would lose the status of a civil servant. Vacancies on the labour market are likely to reduce in number, thanks to the optimisation, the state administration would increase wages for public servants. The payroll fund for retained employees is likely to increase and some former state employees are likely to get jobs in affiliated organizations. The optimisation of the state apparatus should complete by January 1st, 2018, and some former civil servants are likely to join the ranks of the unemployed.