Leadership change in the official Union of Poles in Belarus
The most likely reason for the resignation of Stanislav Semashko is related to his inability to organize the efficient operation of UPB, especially during a crisis of the Belarusian-Polish relations in 2011.
On January 14, the Main Board of UPB accepted resignation of the Union Chairman Stanislav Semashko, offered by him on January 5. The Deputy Chairman and Head of the Minsk Regional Division of Poles Mechislav Lysy was appointed an Acting Chairman. The new Chairman should be elected at the Congress of the Union, which can be extraordinary, according to M. Lysy.
During the work and especially after the December 19, 2010 Semashko made ??some loud statements and announced several initiatives in the UPB work, but did not show significant results, and thus authorities no longer needed him. It is also very likely to be a personal initiative of Semashko, who got into the "black list" of banned to entering the EU in 2011, which threatened his business interests. Political reasons for the resignation are unlikely.
The country's leadership has instructed the local authorities to raise minimum wages at enterprises by the end of 2019 to BYN 1,000, which would lead to an increase in the average wage in the economy as a whole to BYN 1 500. The pace of wage growth in 2017 is insufficient to ensure payroll at BYN 1000 by late 2017 without manipulating statistical indicators. In order to fulfil the president’s order, the government would have to increase budgetary expenditures on wages in healthcare and education, enterprises – to carry out further layoffs and expand the practice of taking loans to pay wages and restrict investment in modernisation of fixed assets. In 2010, the artificial increase in wages led to a threefold devaluation in 2011, an increase in the average salary to BYN 1500 will not match the capabilities of the economy and would lead to yet another devaluation.