Belaruskali’s new strategy is no more than tactics
On August 5th, Belaruskali signed a framework agreement with Qatari Muntajhat to sell jointly 3 million tons of potash fertilizer per year.
Belaruskali has difficulty with a strategic response to Uralkali’s aggressive action following BPC collapse. Its decision to increase the supply volumes amid lost opportunity to influence the pricing policy will result in reduced efficiency of potash exports. Reconciliation between Uralkali and BPC looks more promising, but the terms might be quite harsh.
Belaruskali management presented the project with Qatar as part of the “new sales strategy” and its implementation aims at strengthening Belaruskali’s presence “in the previously unexploited markets”.
Following Uralkali’s demarche, Belaruskali promised to promptly present a new strategy. However, the signed agreement with a new partner, Qatar, as well as the intention to develop “previously unexploited” markets is hardly a “strategic” decision, rather a tactical move. Currently, the company’s attempts to increase the export sales volumes (so far only by making statements) play in the hands of the Uralkali’s strategy: to flood the market with potash to bring the prices down (to USD 250 per ton) and to push competitors off the market. In addition, Uralkali intends to block all projects to develop new potash deposits (Belarus will suffer additional losses, since it is involved in a project at Garlyk potash ores in Turkmenistan). As a result, some ‘mergers and acquisitions’, profitable for Uralkali might take place and then the game will restart with higher prices.
Perhaps, Belaruskali’s best ‘strategic’ response to the Uralkali’s aggressive policy would be curbing exports from Belarus (or even their slight reduction). It would be difficult for Belarus to increase its potash exports, even if the “previously unexploited markets” were included (Uralkali is able to increase its production capacity up to 14 million tons per year, while Belaruskali – only slightly over 10 million). Such a response will have implied that Belaruskali attempts to stabilize the world prices and to prevent their sharp fall, and quite possibly might have been supported by North American producers (Potash Corp., Mosaic and Agrium), who will also suffer painful losses from Uralkali’s actions.
However, such a strategy is unlikely to be approved by the Belarusian authorities, who value every export dollar in times of economic instability. The agreement with ‘Muntajhat’ proves it.
Nevertheless, the information about partnership with Qatari trader may have additional “strategic” implications. Two years ago, the government was considering selling development rights on Oktyabsky and Petrykov potash deposits to investors from Qatar (later Petrikov deposit was signed off to Belaruskali by a Presidential Decree). Potentially, this could be a signal to Russia to restart negotiations about Belaruskali privatization, which, in turn, could become a starting point to resume negotiations with Uralkali about reconciliation of trading.
In an interview with the Vedomosti newspaper, Uralkali CEO Baumgertner acknowledged the possibility for such reconciliation, so far with one reservation – it certainly would be ‘under different jurisdiction’. In other words, the establishment of a joint Trader Soyuzkaly in Switzerland was not yet buried. However, previously the motivation was to improve the trader’s image and to gain access to cheap resources in Western Europe. Today, ‘different jurisdiction’ means, above all, to exclude the trader from the Belarus’ President Decrees’ jurisdiction (according to Russians that was main reason behind the BPC breakup).
The Belarusian authorities regard the Catholic conference as yet another international event to promote Minsk as a global negotiating platform. Minsk’s proposal to organise a meeting between the Roman-Catholic Church and the Russian Orthodox Church is rather an image-making undertaking than a serious intention. However, the authorities could somewhat extend the opportunities for the Roman-Catholic Church in Belarus due to developing contacts with the Catholic world.
Minsk is attempting to lay out a mosaic from various international religious, political and sportive events to shape a positive image of Belarus for promoting the Helsinki 2.0 idea.
Belarus’ invitation to the head of the Holy See for a meeting with the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church should be regarded as a continuation of her foreign policy efforts in shaping Minsk’s peacekeeping image and enhancing Belarus’ international weight. The Belarusian authorities are aware that their initiative is unlikely to find supporters among the leadership of the Russian Orthodox Church in Moscow. In Russia, isolationist sentiments prevail.
In addition, for domestic audiences, the authorities make up for the lack of tangible economic growth with demonstrations of growth in Minsk’s authority at international level through providing a platform for religious, sportive and other dialogues.