Belaruskali’s new strategy is no more than tactics
On August 5th, Belaruskali signed a framework agreement with Qatari Muntajhat to sell jointly 3 million tons of potash fertilizer per year.
Belaruskali has difficulty with a strategic response to Uralkali’s aggressive action following BPC collapse. Its decision to increase the supply volumes amid lost opportunity to influence the pricing policy will result in reduced efficiency of potash exports. Reconciliation between Uralkali and BPC looks more promising, but the terms might be quite harsh.
Belaruskali management presented the project with Qatar as part of the “new sales strategy” and its implementation aims at strengthening Belaruskali’s presence “in the previously unexploited markets”.
Following Uralkali’s demarche, Belaruskali promised to promptly present a new strategy. However, the signed agreement with a new partner, Qatar, as well as the intention to develop “previously unexploited” markets is hardly a “strategic” decision, rather a tactical move. Currently, the company’s attempts to increase the export sales volumes (so far only by making statements) play in the hands of the Uralkali’s strategy: to flood the market with potash to bring the prices down (to USD 250 per ton) and to push competitors off the market. In addition, Uralkali intends to block all projects to develop new potash deposits (Belarus will suffer additional losses, since it is involved in a project at Garlyk potash ores in Turkmenistan). As a result, some ‘mergers and acquisitions’, profitable for Uralkali might take place and then the game will restart with higher prices.
Perhaps, Belaruskali’s best ‘strategic’ response to the Uralkali’s aggressive policy would be curbing exports from Belarus (or even their slight reduction). It would be difficult for Belarus to increase its potash exports, even if the “previously unexploited markets” were included (Uralkali is able to increase its production capacity up to 14 million tons per year, while Belaruskali – only slightly over 10 million). Such a response will have implied that Belaruskali attempts to stabilize the world prices and to prevent their sharp fall, and quite possibly might have been supported by North American producers (Potash Corp., Mosaic and Agrium), who will also suffer painful losses from Uralkali’s actions.
However, such a strategy is unlikely to be approved by the Belarusian authorities, who value every export dollar in times of economic instability. The agreement with ‘Muntajhat’ proves it.
Nevertheless, the information about partnership with Qatari trader may have additional “strategic” implications. Two years ago, the government was considering selling development rights on Oktyabsky and Petrykov potash deposits to investors from Qatar (later Petrikov deposit was signed off to Belaruskali by a Presidential Decree). Potentially, this could be a signal to Russia to restart negotiations about Belaruskali privatization, which, in turn, could become a starting point to resume negotiations with Uralkali about reconciliation of trading.
In an interview with the Vedomosti newspaper, Uralkali CEO Baumgertner acknowledged the possibility for such reconciliation, so far with one reservation – it certainly would be ‘under different jurisdiction’. In other words, the establishment of a joint Trader Soyuzkaly in Switzerland was not yet buried. However, previously the motivation was to improve the trader’s image and to gain access to cheap resources in Western Europe. Today, ‘different jurisdiction’ means, above all, to exclude the trader from the Belarus’ President Decrees’ jurisdiction (according to Russians that was main reason behind the BPC breakup).
The Labour and the Tax Ministries are considering the possibility to include persons engaged in some economic activity without forming a legal entity in the social security system. When the decree No 337 comes into effect, the number of private entrepreneurs is likely to reduce due to the possibility of reducing the tax burden when switching to a tax payment as an individual. 95% of self-employed, including PE, pay insurance premiums on the basis of the minimum wage. The number of self-employed citizens is expected to increase, the number of insurance contributions to the pension system from PE will decrease, the number of citizens who will pay a fee to finance government spending will decrease by several tens. Self-employed citizens have the alternative not to pay social security fees and save resources for future pensions, which, given the gradual restriction by the state of pension requirements could be a more long-sighted option.