Belarusian authorities hope to engage new pontiff in settling Belarus-EU relations
During a brief conversation with Archbishop Tadeusz Kondrusiewicz, Metropolitan of Minsk and Mogilev, Father Francis asked him about the ‘case’ of priest Vladislav Lazar, who was detained on spying suspicions.
Belarus is attempting to involve the Catholic Church as an intermediary between the EU and Belarus. Since the election of new Pope and changes in the Vatican leadership, Belarus has made concerted efforts to renew the interest of the Holy See in Belarus. It appears that these efforts are paying off.
Since the mid-2000s, the Catholic Church has played a special role in relations between Belarus and the European Union. Belarus has repeatedly asked the Vatican for help in solving problems in relations with the EU. After the European Union lifted sanctions in 2009, Belarus’ president made his first official European visit to the Vatican. Then, the Metropolitan Kondrusiewicz said, ‘I am very pleased that this visit took place. I think it will be very useful for Belarus, for the Catholic Church, as well as the relations between Belarus and the European Union’.
In 2012, Lukashenko attempted to restore EU-Belarus relations by seeking the help of the Catholic Church. During a meeting with the Holy See Ambassador in Belarus, Paul Friedrich von Furherr, the president emphasized that the Catholic Church ‘can do more to improve relations between Belarus and Western Europe, I’m not even talking about the European Union in general, because it is well-known who plays first fiddle there. Therefore, we would like to send this signal through you.’
He referred to arrangements between him and Benedict XVI in 2009, reiterating ‘I must tell you that we have done everything I have promised back then’. However, back then the signal was not received by the Holy See.
It required additional effort from Belarus to draw the attention of the new Pope, who is quite far from European realities, to Belarusian issues.
In summer 2013, the police launched two criminal cases which somehow affect Catholic Church interests in Belarus. In June, a criminal investigation was launched against a Shchuchin parishioner, Alexei Shchedrova, for organizing a shelter for the homeless. There was no official reaction from the Catholic Church in Belarus, but Catholic bishops had expressed confusion about the situation. Vice-Chancellor of the Hrodna Roman Catholic Curia, Antonii Gremza, (Shchedrov was a parishioner there), called his actions a private initiative.
A month after the investigation against Shchedrov was launched, Belarusian special services detained a Catholic priest, Vladislav Lazar. He was arrested in June 2013 and charged with sending money and valuables to a person accused of espionage.
The criminal prosecution of a Catholic priest and a parishioner has resonated widely not only throughout Belarus, but has also reached the Vatican. On behalf of the Vatican, negotiations with the Belarusian authorities over the Lazar case were held by Vatican’s Apostolic Nuncio Archbishop in Belarus, Claudio Gugerotti. The criminal investigation against Alexei Shchedrov has now been dropped, in a gesture of ‘good will’ from the Belarusian authorities.
In this way, the Belarusian authorities are attempting to involve the Vatican as a mediator to resolve Belarusian-European relations. In the near future, diplomatic relations between Belarus and the Vatican might intensify. If the Lazar case is closed, it should be regarded that an agreement has been reached between the Vatican and Minsk.
The Labour and the Tax Ministries are considering the possibility to include persons engaged in some economic activity without forming a legal entity in the social security system. When the decree No 337 comes into effect, the number of private entrepreneurs is likely to reduce due to the possibility of reducing the tax burden when switching to a tax payment as an individual. 95% of self-employed, including PE, pay insurance premiums on the basis of the minimum wage. The number of self-employed citizens is expected to increase, the number of insurance contributions to the pension system from PE will decrease, the number of citizens who will pay a fee to finance government spending will decrease by several tens. Self-employed citizens have the alternative not to pay social security fees and save resources for future pensions, which, given the gradual restriction by the state of pension requirements could be a more long-sighted option.