Worsening of financial statistics in the real sector
By 1 May 2011 accounts payable amounted to Br 66.3 trillion, compared with 1 May 2010 they increased by 38.2%, while consumer prices grew by 18.1% during this period.
Between January and April 909 organizations were at a loss. Net losses of unprofitable organizations in January-April 2011 amounted to Br 1 trillion, or increased by 44.3% in January-April 2010.
As of 1 June 2011 stocks of finished products at industrial enterprises in Belarus amounted to Br 7578.6 billion, and increased by 51% from the beginning of the year.
Volume of stocks has been rising continuously since the beginning of the year: in May by 10.5%, by 2% in April, by 1.9% in March, by 7.9% in February and by 21.8% in January.
The real sector cannot stay away from the unfolding crisis. Further reduction in income, growth of loans interest rates, the need to pay back foreign currency loans, all these and other factors contribute to the increased debts and loss-making of enterprises.
Moreover, the government’s efforts to stabilize inflation by putting administrative constraints on prices will lead to even greater imbalances. Many of the industrial, energy companies used foreign currency loans within the framework of modernization programs. The impossibility of their service will rebound to the banks. In order to avoid bankruptcy the government subsidizes state-owned enterprises from the budget funds (which is currently difficult), as well as enhances overall redistributive processes.
All these measures are contrary to the requirements set by Russia and the IMF in their reform programmes.
Last week, Belarusian Foreign Minister Makei participated in the foreign ministers’ meeting of the Eastern Partnership and Visegrad Group initiative hosted by Warsaw. The Belarusian FM emphasized Belarus' interest in cooperation in the transport sector, which could be due to Belarus’ desire to export electricity surplus after Belarus finished construction of the nuclear power plant in Ostrovets. Minsk expressed concerns about Warsaw’s stance on the Belarusian NPP, as it refused to buy electricity from Belarus and supported Vilnius’ protest on this issue. Following accusations by the Belarusian leadership and the state media against western states, including Poland, of training "nationalist militants", Minsk did not agree on the visit of the European Parliament deputies from Lithuania and Germany to Belarus and to the NPP construction site near Ostrovets in particular. In addition, the Belarusian authorities have stepped up efforts to enforce education in Russian in Polish-language schools in Grodno and Vaukavysk. Should a rift in Belarusian-Polish relations persist, the Belarusian authorities are likely to step up the pressure on the Polish-speaking minority in Belarus.