Tightening of monetary policy
The National Bank of Belarus on 1 June 2011 raised the refinancing rate by 2 % to 16% per annum.
Moreover, the government decided to stop granting preferential loans for the acquisition of Belarusian goods. Preferential loans for the purchase of Belarusian goods are issued by JSC “Belarusbank”, Belinvestbank, JSC “BPS-Bank”, Belagroprombank for up to three years at an annual rate of 10%.
While tightening the monetary policy, as well as bearing in mind the rising prices, the NBoB consistently raises interest rates, including the deposit IRs. However, restoring confidence in the banking system and stemming the outflow of deposits is only feasible after the stabilization of the situation on the foreign currency exchange market. Currently, the situation remains tense, although not critical for the banking system.
The Government should continue reducing the gross domestic demand via suspension of various schemes of concessional lending to enterprises and population, while the National Bank should continue raising interest rates.
The Labour and the Tax Ministries are considering the possibility to include persons engaged in some economic activity without forming a legal entity in the social security system. When the decree No 337 comes into effect, the number of private entrepreneurs is likely to reduce due to the possibility of reducing the tax burden when switching to a tax payment as an individual. 95% of self-employed, including PE, pay insurance premiums on the basis of the minimum wage. The number of self-employed citizens is expected to increase, the number of insurance contributions to the pension system from PE will decrease, the number of citizens who will pay a fee to finance government spending will decrease by several tens. Self-employed citizens have the alternative not to pay social security fees and save resources for future pensions, which, given the gradual restriction by the state of pension requirements could be a more long-sighted option.