Russia wants to limit schemes bypassing food embargo

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April 22, 2016 18:57

Russia’s embargo on some foodstuffs from the EU has created favourable conditions for some alternative delivery routes through Belarus. One of the most popular schemes is processing  imported raw materials at Belarusian enterprises and exporting the processed products to Russia. Russia is unable to block the re-export entirely, however, she suggests measures to Belarus to increase control over such supplies.

Rosselkhoznadzor may impose restrictions on the supply of dairy and fish products from several enterprises in Belarus. 

Russia’s embargo on meat, dairy, fish, fruit and vegetables from the EU has created opportunities for the countries not on the sanctions list to increase their supplies to Russia. For instance, lettuce grown in the Netherlands was imported to Russia as if originating from Israel. Polish apples were imported as originating from Serbia and Macedonia. Fruits from Moldova were listed in the documents as grown in Belarus. The embargo has also boosted exporters’ profits. Prices for fruits and vegetables in the EU have dropped, and have gone up in Russia. 

In Belarus, schemes bypassing Russia’s food embargo are as follows. A Belarusian company or a joint venture imports raw materials to Belarus. After processing them, Belarus is listed as the country of origin in the documents. Later, such products may be exported to Russia without any restrictions. Processing might imply something very simple. For instance, chilled and frozen fish from Norway could be put in vacuum packaging and legally exported to Russia as made in Belarus. In the first two weeks of September, Belarus more than doubled her fish imports from Norway compared with July (before the embargo was introduced). Belarus has also increased imports of raw milk from Poland and Lithuania in order to meet domestic market needs after exports of butter and cheese to Russia increased. 

Various schemes bypassing Russia’s food embargo may only be stopped if Russia and Belarus introduce border customs control, which would contradict the Eurasian Union integration agreements. The only way for Russia to reduce re-imports from Belarus is to introduce harsh sanitary control over imported products. Russia has already used similar measures in the past during the “milk wars” with Belarus. Russia hinted she might introduce restrictions on imports from certain Belarusian enterprises thus prompting Belarus to self-restrictions and self-regulations. Russia may turn a blind eye if imports from Belarus increase by 20%-30%; but if imports from Belarus grew exponentially, she would introduce harsh quality controls and return supplies to Belarus on formal grounds.

Since Russia’ embargo on foodstuffs from the EU could be a short-term measure, Belarus attempts to gain the maximum benefit from her membership in the Customs Union. Russia will not completely ban re-export schemes, but will limit their scope with administrative means.

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October 02, 2017 12:08
Image: BRSM.BY

President Lukashenka continues to rotate staff and rejuvenate heads of departments and universities following new appointments in regional administrations. Apparently, new Information Minister Karliukevich could somewhat relax the state policy towards the independent media and introduce technological solutions for retaining control over Belarus’ information space. New rectors could strengthen the trend for soft Belarusization in the regions and tighten the disciplinary and ideological control over the student movement in the capital.

President Lukashenka has appointed new ministers of culture and information, the new rector of the Belarusian State University and heads of three universities, assistants in the Minsk and Vitebsk regions.

The new Information Minister Karliukevich is likely to avoid controversial initiatives similar to those former Minister Ananich was famous for, however, certainly within his capacities. Nevertheless, the appointment of Belarusian-speaking writer Karliukevich could be regarded as the state’s cautious attempt to relax environment in the media field and ensure the sovereignty of national media.

The Belarusian leadership has consolidated the trend for mild Belarusization by appointing a young historian and a ‘reasonable nationalist’, Duk as the rector at the Kuleshov State University in Mogilev. Meanwhile, while choosing the head of the Belarusian State University, the president apparently had in mind the strengthening of the ideological loyalty among the teaching staff and students at the main university in order to keep the youth movement at bay. Previously, Korol was the rector of the Kupala State University in Grodno, where he held purges among the disloyal teaching staff.

The trend for the renewal of mid-ranking executives and their rejuvenation has confirmed. The age of the Culture Minister and three new rectors varies from 39 to 44 years old.

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