Proceeds from duties on petroleum products have little effect on international reserves
In January 2015, Belarus’ gold reserves totalled USD 4.724, USD 334.4 million less than in December 2014. In 2015, Belarus’ budget gained circa USD 100 mln from export duties on oil products produced from Russian oil. Proceeds from export duties on petroleum products only slow the shrinking pace of the international reserves. In order to reduce this pace further, the government is likely to tighten measures on consumer imports, to prolong restrictions on foreign currency purchases on the domestic market, and to enable new issues of foreign currency bonds with longer maturity period by Belarusian banks while increasing the interest rates on them. Privatisation should not be regarded as a source to replenish the international reserves; therefore, the only remaining option is loans from Belarus’ allies – Russia and China.
The Belarusian authorities have launched a discussion on the moratorium or abolition of the death penalty under the pressure of Belarusian human rights activists and international community. Apparently, the authorities are interested in monitoring public sentiments and response to the possible abolition of the capital punishment. The introduction of a moratorium on the death penalty would depend on the dynamics in Belarusian-European relations, efforts of the civil society organisations and Western capitals.
In Grodno last week, the possibility of abolishing the death penalty in Belarus or introducing a moratorium was discussed.
The Belarusian authorities are likely to continue to support the death penalty in Belarus. During his rule, President Lukashenka pardoned only one person, and courts sentenced to death more than 400 people since the early 1990s. Over the past year, Belarusian courts sentenced to death several persons and one person was executed.
There are no recent independent polls about people’s attitude about the death penalty in Belarus. Apparently, this issue is not a priority for the population. In many ways, public opinion about the abolition of the death penalty would depend on the tone of the state-owned media reports.
That said, the Belarusian Orthodox Church and the Roman-Catholic Church stand for the abolition of the capital punishment, however their efforts in this regard only limit to public statements about their stance. Simultaneously, the authorities could have influenced public opinion about the death penalty through a focused media campaign in the state media. As they did, for example, with the nuclear power plant construction in Astravets. Initially unpopular project of the NPP construction was broadly promoted in the state media, and eventually, according to independent pollsters, was accepted by most population.