Privileges under the mandatory sale of foreign currency earnings abolished
The Decree No 326 of 25 July 2011 "On issues of mandatory sale of foreign currency” abolished the privileges of the obligatory sale of foreign currency earnings. 30% of the foreign currency earnings fall under compulsory sale rule.
As of 25 July Belaruskaliy, Beltransgas, Belgorkhimprom, GPTO “Belaya Rus” and enterprises-refiners of cane sugar will have to sell 30% of their foreign currency earnings. Moreover, the rule will also be applied to the Belarusian Bar Association, innovation infrastructure enterprises and residents of scientific and technological parks, except for the High Technology Park. Also, 30% of foreign currency earnings should be sold by research and development enterprises (exporters and developers of IT services). The Decree abolished benefits for the foreign currency revenues from the purchase of government securities and securities of the NBB and foreign currency earnings to be transferred to the budget from the sale of resources released by the Armed Forces of Belarus. The text of the document is currently unavailable therefore it is not clear what enterprises will still enjoy the benefits.
Abolition of benefits within the compulsory sale rule is one of the requirements set for the Belarusian authorities with regard to USD 3-billion loan from the EurAsEC. Incentives applied to exporters - JSC "Belaruskaliy", CJSC “Belarusian Potash Company” (BPC), two refineries, and the Belarusian Oil Company and others resulted in sales of only 19% of the currency coming into the country. In anticipation of the heating season this amount is clearly not enough to cover the cost of critical imports and payments for foreign currency loans. At the same time, banking experts point out that the abolition of benefits for these enterprises will lead to a slight inflow of foreign currency to the foreign exchange, i.e. about $ 100 million. Taking into account the views of the new Head of the National Bank of Belarus and the Presidential Administration, experts do not exclude that the next step of the NBoB will be to increase the level of compulsory sale of foreign currency earnings.
Therefore, using various administrative constraints and expanding the scope of circulation of foreign currency (payments for imports, leasing, tourism, etc.), the authorities will try to keep the existing rate of Br 5000 per USD for all segments of foreign currency exchange market. Therefore they nevertheless adhere to administrative rather than market rules. However, without a substantial inflow of foreign currency to the country’s GCR, it has no prospects in the medium term (2012). Moreover, since currency at the “single rate” remains inaccessible for the majority of the population and businesses the recipients of the message about stabilization and single exchange rate are unknown. Government’s intention to strengthen the administrative regulation will automatically cut off Belarus from foreign donors and will make it even more dependent on the success of privatization of strategic assets. However, future investors are aware of this and in no hurry to buy. Therefore the authorities drive the country’s economy into a dead end, increasing the costs of future reforms.
President Lukashenka continues to rotate staff and rejuvenate heads of departments and universities following new appointments in regional administrations. Apparently, new Information Minister Karliukevich could somewhat relax the state policy towards the independent media and introduce technological solutions for retaining control over Belarus’ information space. New rectors could strengthen the trend for soft Belarusization in the regions and tighten the disciplinary and ideological control over the student movement in the capital.
President Lukashenka has appointed new ministers of culture and information, the new rector of the Belarusian State University and heads of three universities, assistants in the Minsk and Vitebsk regions.
The new Information Minister Karliukevich is likely to avoid controversial initiatives similar to those former Minister Ananich was famous for, however, certainly within his capacities. Nevertheless, the appointment of Belarusian-speaking writer Karliukevich could be regarded as the state’s cautious attempt to relax environment in the media field and ensure the sovereignty of national media.
The Belarusian leadership has consolidated the trend for mild Belarusization by appointing a young historian and a ‘reasonable nationalist’, Duk as the rector at the Kuleshov State University in Mogilev. Meanwhile, while choosing the head of the Belarusian State University, the president apparently had in mind the strengthening of the ideological loyalty among the teaching staff and students at the main university in order to keep the youth movement at bay. Previously, Korol was the rector of the Kupala State University in Grodno, where he held purges among the disloyal teaching staff.
The trend for the renewal of mid-ranking executives and their rejuvenation has confirmed. The age of the Culture Minister and three new rectors varies from 39 to 44 years old.