The National Bank to prevent banks from manipulating interest rates
The National Bank warned banks that any distortion of real interest rates using payments of fees would be regarded as a law violation. The National Bank limited interest rates on loans and deposits, and the banks have responded by applying various additional payments when issuing loans and additional rewards for the account holders. As a result, real interest rates on loans and deposits will fall, the agreements and conditions on loans and deposits will be unified, the lending activity will increase, and the volume of ruble deposits in the banking system will fall. In order to keep their profits banks might increase fines for overdue payments on loans. The competition for income of the citizens will shrink due to the sufficient volume of liquidity within the banking sector.
The Labour and the Tax Ministries are considering the possibility to include persons engaged in some economic activity without forming a legal entity in the social security system. When the decree No 337 comes into effect, the number of private entrepreneurs is likely to reduce due to the possibility of reducing the tax burden when switching to a tax payment as an individual. 95% of self-employed, including PE, pay insurance premiums on the basis of the minimum wage. The number of self-employed citizens is expected to increase, the number of insurance contributions to the pension system from PE will decrease, the number of citizens who will pay a fee to finance government spending will decrease by several tens. Self-employed citizens have the alternative not to pay social security fees and save resources for future pensions, which, given the gradual restriction by the state of pension requirements could be a more long-sighted option.