MAZ and KamAZ merger postponed
Belarus believes that Belarusian automobile manufacturer MAZ and Russian KamAZ could merge into a single holding Rosbelavto on equal terms only. Russian enterprise’s capacity and capitalization is significantly higher, therefore chances of the deal closure on Belarusian terms are low.
“We have a firm agreement [with Russian President Vladimir Putin – Ed] that if we merge assets it will be 50/50 with the corresponding management. However their management [Head of Rostechnologia Sergey Chemezov – Ed] is unhappy with 50/50. They want a controlling stake and say Belarus is asking for too much. Well, good, if it is too expensive, then do not accept”, President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko said during June 14 meeting with the President of Bashkortostan Rustem Khamitov. Simultaneously, Alexander Lukashenko emphasized that Belarus was not intending to compete with KamAZ.
“Why should the holding company, which will include a variety of companies with different market capitalization and other factors, be created on equal terms? The resent assessment of MAZ by Ernst & Young was USD 800 million and KamAZ – USD 3 billion”, Andrey Tretelnikov, an analyst with Rye, Man & Gor Securities commented on Lukashenko’s statement. He noted that MAZ’s future was dependent on the Russian market, and that the Russian authorities had wide opportunities to deny access for Belarusian manufacturer to the market: by introducing additional environmental requirements or amending utilization fees. At the same time it could be anticipated that if the deal is not closing now, in the future, if crisis occurs, the Russian government could theoretically offer assistance to Lukashenko in exchange for MAZ shares.
For reference. The JSC MAZ is among the five largest public companies in Belarus except for banks after Beltransgaz, Naftan, Mozyr Oil Refinery and Belaruskali. In 2011 the company’s sales revenues were USD 1.266 billion, net profit – USD 340.4 million. An average rate of Br 6075.94 per USD has been used for calculations (taking into account the shadow segment of the currency market and our own assessment). In 2011 the average number of employees was 22.227 workers.
According to Decree No. 221 of June 23rd, 2017, deadlines for the completion of foreign trade operations have been extended from 90 to 180 days for exports and from 60 to 90 days for imports. Delayed payments entailed a fine up to 2% of the transaction cost for each day of the delay, but could not exceed the total cost of the transaction. Most companies, when working with new counterparties, require a deferred payment for a period of three to six months. Due to the new regulation, violations are likely to reduce in number, so as the fines. Trade enterprises are likely to expand the assortment list due to the supply of new products in small lots, and the assortment list of exported Belarusian goods could expand, too. The new terms for completing foreign trade transactions would enable medium and small companies on the foreign trade market, exporters and importers are likely to grow in number and the geography of export-import operations could expand.