Increase of authorized capital of JSC "Belinvestbank"
The government of Belarus has decided to increase the authorized capital of JSC "Belinvestbank" at 10 million, because it preserves hope for a profitable privatization in 2012. But the high price (over $ 1 billion) does this proposal unattractive to investors.
The government of Belarus has decided to increase the authorized capital of JSC"Belinvestbank" at 85 billion rubles ($ 10 million) due to the remnants of the national budget.
In contrast to the Belarusbank and Belagroprombank, which authorized funds have been increased by $ 1.7 billion at current exchange rates due to emission sources, recapitalization of Belinvestbank is conducted by the expense of real money. One reason for the increased government focus on "Belinvestbank" is its desire to privatize profitable (previously several well-known European banks expressed such a desire). However, due to persistence of the country authorities in maintaining a high price for this controversial asset, the privatization of the bank did not take place neither in 2010 nor in 2011, although the governing body of the National Bank of Belarus has repeatedly spoken of a high availability transaction of purchase and sale of the bank.
The Belarusian authorities are attempting to strengthen some elements of the ‘Soviet’ education to ensure the ideological loyalty of new generations to the state. Most likely, one of the major tasks of the educational reform is to prevent growing discontent with the existing education system among the population. The educational reform aims to strengthen centralisation and adjust the system to the needs of the public sector.
In Belarus, the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection and the Ministry of Economy would determine the university enrolment figures.
The Belarusian authorities do not seem to have a long-term vision of the educational reform. The education system changes depending on who leads the Education Ministry and has access to President Lukashenka. For instance, former head of pro-government communist party and Education Minister Igor Karpenko reintroduced some "Soviet" elements to the school and strengthened ideological components along with the de-politicisation of the curricula. Current generation of students and youth have not spoken against the authorities, unlike previous generations raised during the Gorbachev thaw and socio-political transformations of the 1990s.
In addition, the Belarusian authorities are attempting to adopt measures aiming to prevent discontent among the population with the Belarusian education system. The authorities are mobilizing those nostalgic for the USSR and propose to return to 5-marks grading system, school uniforms and reduced curriculum. The Belarusian leadership also aims to blur the growing social stratification in society and to relax social tension due to the growing income gap between the richest and poorest.
Should the authorities adopt plans to reduce university enrolment, they would re-certify universities in order to close some of them and would reduce competition from private educational institutions. The Belarusian leadership is attempting to adjust the education system to the needs of the real economy, to reduce pressure on the labour market and to cut government spending on higher education for specialists low in demand by replacing them with graduates of secondary vocational schools requiring less time to train.