Falling oil prices will adjust potash fertilizers export plans in 2015
In 2015, the Belarusian Potash Company plans to export 9 million tonnes of potash, which is 5.3% less compared with 2014. The expected decrease in potash exports Q4 2015 is due to the fall in oil prices, which has led to the devaluation of national currencies in China, Brazil and India, main buyers of potash fertilizers. Belarus exports circa 90% of produced fertilizers, which means that production volume might decrease to levels of 2014; that chemical industry would no longer have a positive impact on the industrial production index; that Belaruskali would contain investment costs; and that foreign currency earnings would only slightly exceed the 2014 volumes (USD 2.7 billion) thanks to higher prices on potash fertilizers in H1 2015. The worsening outlook for potash fertilizers sales will curb influence on the pace the Nezhinski project is implemented (by Slavkaly) and on the development of the Petrikov deposit (by Belaruskali).
The Labour and the Tax Ministries are considering the possibility to include persons engaged in some economic activity without forming a legal entity in the social security system. When the decree No 337 comes into effect, the number of private entrepreneurs is likely to reduce due to the possibility of reducing the tax burden when switching to a tax payment as an individual. 95% of self-employed, including PE, pay insurance premiums on the basis of the minimum wage. The number of self-employed citizens is expected to increase, the number of insurance contributions to the pension system from PE will decrease, the number of citizens who will pay a fee to finance government spending will decrease by several tens. Self-employed citizens have the alternative not to pay social security fees and save resources for future pensions, which, given the gradual restriction by the state of pension requirements could be a more long-sighted option.