Economic recession unlikely to prompt Belarusian authorities to privatisation in 2016
The State Property Committee has published a list of 56 companies and 4 proprietary complexes to be put for privatisation in 2016. There are no economy’s cornerstone enterprises on the list and most companies require financial recovery. Due to special requirements, such as preservation of working places and other financial burdens, only few enterprises may be privatised. It is easier for a potential investor to open a new enterprise than privatise state ones, due to the fact that the state would like to interfere in management at the privatised enterprises even after their sale. According to the authorities, the IMF has softened its position with respect to privatization during the economic recession, therefore the state is unlikely to reduce control over the Belarusian economy in 2016.
President Lukashenka continues to rotate staff and rejuvenate heads of departments and universities following new appointments in regional administrations. Apparently, new Information Minister Karliukevich could somewhat relax the state policy towards the independent media and introduce technological solutions for retaining control over Belarus’ information space. New rectors could strengthen the trend for soft Belarusization in the regions and tighten the disciplinary and ideological control over the student movement in the capital.
President Lukashenka has appointed new ministers of culture and information, the new rector of the Belarusian State University and heads of three universities, assistants in the Minsk and Vitebsk regions.
The new Information Minister Karliukevich is likely to avoid controversial initiatives similar to those former Minister Ananich was famous for, however, certainly within his capacities. Nevertheless, the appointment of Belarusian-speaking writer Karliukevich could be regarded as the state’s cautious attempt to relax environment in the media field and ensure the sovereignty of national media.
The Belarusian leadership has consolidated the trend for mild Belarusization by appointing a young historian and a ‘reasonable nationalist’, Duk as the rector at the Kuleshov State University in Mogilev. Meanwhile, while choosing the head of the Belarusian State University, the president apparently had in mind the strengthening of the ideological loyalty among the teaching staff and students at the main university in order to keep the youth movement at bay. Previously, Korol was the rector of the Kupala State University in Grodno, where he held purges among the disloyal teaching staff.
The trend for the renewal of mid-ranking executives and their rejuvenation has confirmed. The age of the Culture Minister and three new rectors varies from 39 to 44 years old.