Construction of the NPP will be conducted completely under the credit facilities
Having a high external debt and the vague prospect of its service with meager gold reserves, the Belarusian authorities further aggravate the situation by building a nuclear power plant in the loan, without having even 10% of own funds. Thus, by analogy with the Sberbank,
supervising privatization and credit transactions in the energy sector of Belarus, another major Russian state-owned bank will be financing the nuclear power plant.
Vnesheconombank will credit advance payments of Belarus on nuclear power plant construction in the amount of $ 500 million
It is through Vnesheconombank and the Belarusian \"daughter\" funds of the Russian loan for the construction of nuclear power plants will be held. The entire project to build the nuclear power plant is designed for $10 billion, where the Belarusian side has to pay 10% at their own expense, and 90% - at the expense of the Russian loan. Accordingly, Belarus must find about $ 1 billion, however, the country does not have such money so far, and it searches for new lenders. According to the BVEB Head P. Kallaur, it will be needed about $ 500 million under the contracts to be concluded in the first five years, and it will be provided by his bank. Accordingly, Belarus will not have to take own money from the gold reserves.
Thus, the financing of the ten percent part, which must be paid off by the Belarusian side, will be conducted at the expense of the loan. And so having a high external debt and the vague prospect of its services and payments in scarce gold reserves, Belarus exacerbates the situation by building a nuclear power plant in the loan. It is obvious that the Belarusian authorities are not considering the return period of these loans as close, or not going to give this loan back. In any case, the strategic plan of President Lukashenko, who dismissed the key deputies of P.Prokopovich from the National Bank in 2010, becomes clear. Now BPS-Sberbank and BVEB are the main currency breadwinners to the country, controlling a variety of transactions. The professionalism and quality of NB management have fallen sharply, but it’s is not very important for Alexander Lukashenko. On the other hand, he is absolutely sure of the loyalty of the heads of the major subsidiaries of Russian banks in Belarus.
The Labour and the Tax Ministries are considering the possibility to include persons engaged in some economic activity without forming a legal entity in the social security system. When the decree No 337 comes into effect, the number of private entrepreneurs is likely to reduce due to the possibility of reducing the tax burden when switching to a tax payment as an individual. 95% of self-employed, including PE, pay insurance premiums on the basis of the minimum wage. The number of self-employed citizens is expected to increase, the number of insurance contributions to the pension system from PE will decrease, the number of citizens who will pay a fee to finance government spending will decrease by several tens. Self-employed citizens have the alternative not to pay social security fees and save resources for future pensions, which, given the gradual restriction by the state of pension requirements could be a more long-sighted option.