Belarus interested in the New IMF Standby Program
Belarus is interested in implementing the new IMF standby program with corresponding financial support. However, cooperation can be resumed only on condition that Belarus stabilizes its relations with the EU and the USA. Belarus also has to implement serious structural reforms in the economy and extend its program on the privatization of state assets.
Belarus would like to resume a dialogue on prospects for the allocation of a second standby program with corresponding financial support from the IMF, said Belarusian Prime Minister Mikhail Miasnikovich during his meeting with the new head of the IMF mission to Belarus David Hoffman on June 6.
Hoffman noted that he is replacing the previous head - Chris Jarvis. The purpose of this mission is to become familiar with the situation and prepare ground for the work of the third post-program mission that is scheduled to begin in October 2012. David Hoffman has previously worked in the European department of the IMF.
We believe that allocation of a new backup IMF loan would allow the residents of Belarus to pass the peak of forthcoming payments on foreign debt as normal. It should be noted that, as of April 1, Belarus’ total external debt amounted to USD 33.727 billion, which is equal to 80.1% of GDP on an annualized basis.
At the same time, cooperation between the IMF and Belarus is possible only if political relations are normalized between Belarus and the USA and the EU, which are the main members of the IMF. Moreover, the Belarusian authorities have to confirm their strong willingness to carry out serious structural and market reforms in the economy, including the extension of the privatization program of state property in the short-term as well as the medium-term.
For reference. In February 2009 - June 2012, Belarus made debt-service payments on the backup IMF loan totaling USD 303.6 million. As a result, the outstanding balance of principal of IMF loan declined from USD 3.484 billion as of January 1, 2012 to USD 3.351 billion as of July, 1 (subject to exchange rate fluctuations of SDR against the U.S. dollar). The next payment of interest and commission payments is scheduled in August this year.
During searches of social and "green" activists and anarchists, law enforcement has seized computers, mobile phones and publications. The authorities have also exerted additional pressure on supporters of unauthorized street protests and independent lawyers, who represented defendants in the White Legion case. The security services have stepped up the persecution of opponents before the street protests announced by the opposition. Apparently, the Belarusian authorities aspire that participants in street protests would reduce in number and that the low interest of the population to socio-political agenda before the local election campaign would retain.