Belarus improves fruit export schemes to Russia
fears that products from the sanctions list could penetrate Russia bypassing the existing food embargo. For Belarus, export of exotic fruit is a good opportunity to generate additional income. Claims by Russia may be withdrawn if exports decrease and verification of the supporting documents improves.
According to the National Statistics Committee, in January-July 2015, supplies of tangerines, oranges and persimmons have more than doubled (up by 2.5 times), peaches almost tripled (2.8 times), kiwi – increased by 4.7 times, and avocado by 52 times. These types of fruits do not grow in Belarus. The Rosselkhoznadzor claims, that under the disguise of forged certificates, products from the countries on a sanctions list (Italy, Spain, and Greece) could have been supplied to Russia as originating from Turkey, Egypt, Serbia, and Chile. In 2014, Russia discovered 82 counterfeit phyto-sanitary certificates and in January – September 2015 – 342.
Claims regarding the supply of exotic fruits are a continuation of the conflict between Russia and Belarus over the supply of apples, tomatoes, fish and other foodstuffs. Unlike the supply of tradition fruits and vegetables (apples, pears, tomatoes, onions, etc), when proceeds are measured in hundreds of millions of US Dollars, the supply of exotic fruits is unable to cause considerable economic damage to Russia. Since early 2015, the supply of citrus fruit was under USD 8 million, and pineapples, avocados, mangoes totalled USD 0.7 billion. The largest export was of nectarines and peaches, totalling USD 23 million. The overall exports of all exotic fruit did not exceed USD 50 million.
Thanks to the Russian food embargo, Belarus has the opportunity to make extra cash from the transit of food products to Russia from non EEU countries. Exporters use Belarusian toll roads, cooperate with logistic centres, request services of customs agents and freight forwarders. If for some reason products do not reach the Russian market, they stay in Belarusian retailers at competitive prices, which also helps to keep the prices down. Belarusian fruit exports are growing rapidly, enabling to improve the foreign trade statistics. Amid falling foreign trade turnover and despite the reasonable suspicion of the Russian side, Belarus will continue to use the EEU membership in order to gain additional revenues. To reduce the amount of claims, Belarus will reveal some counter freight supplies of sanctioned products in order to demonstrate the reliability of the EEU external border control.
Belarus has taken advantage of the transit opportunities to gain additional revenues from increased fruit exports. In order to reduce claims by the Rosselkhoznadzor, Belarus will reveal some counter freight deliveries of sanctions products, while improving transit schemes and documentary support.
According to Belstat, in August 7,600 people were dismissed, including 4,800 civil servants. Dismissals of civil servants were due to the optimisation in the public administration by up to 30%. Some civil servants would retain their job however would lose the status of a civil servant. Vacancies on the labour market are likely to reduce in number, thanks to the optimisation, the state administration would increase wages for public servants. The payroll fund for retained employees is likely to increase and some former state employees are likely to get jobs in affiliated organizations. The optimisation of the state apparatus should complete by January 1st, 2018, and some former civil servants are likely to join the ranks of the unemployed.