Audit at state enterprises in order to assess financial state of Belarusian economy
Belarus will carry out financial audit of state enterprises with a view to identifying fiscal risks and improve state property management. As of January 1st, 2016, the state managed industrial enterprises, which accounted for over 72% of industrial output. The audit may lead to further layoffs at state enterprises, but unlikely to result in numerous controlled bankruptcies, except for a few cases.
On October 19th, 2016, Finance and Economy Ministry representatives announced a financial diagnosis for each state-owned enterprise and an audit for every large enterprise. All companies have been divided into three groups depending on the degree of necessary state intervention in their financial and general management. The main purpose of the audit is to identify potential fiscal risks, improve state property management by separating the ownership and control functions, and simplify equity investment mechanism.
As of January 1st, 2016, there were 448 state-owned enterprises and 702 organizations with state ownership in Belarus. They account for over 72% of industrial output. In some spheres (eg mining, oil refining, and electric power), the state-controlled enterprises accounted for over 95% of the production. That said, one in eight state-owned enterprises and every third company with state ownership were unprofitable. The most unprofitable enterprises in Belarus in H1 2016 were MAZ, GrodnoAzot, and cement plants - all controlled by the state.
The audit will enable the government to obtain a complete financial picture of the public sector. The audit, depending on its outcomes, will facilitate the final decision making about the future fate of unprofitable enterprises. A controlled bankruptcy procedure would be applied to the enterprises if their maintenance costs exceed the effects from their activity. An alternative option would be to transfer such enterprises to the Asset Management Agency. If the audit reveals excess workforce, layoffs will be carried out and re-trainings offered to the laid off workers. That said, unemployment benefits would be increased to BYN 175.5 per months (a minimum living standard).
For the state, the best solution would be to translate the enterprises' debts to the capital and allow new shareholders in the company management. However, this solution contradicts interests of the banking sector, and it may difficult to find the new shareholders amid owners’ subsidiary liability practices. In most cases, the government will continue to provide financial support to enterprises and may redeem debts of the most important ones. Bankruptcy in most cases will be out of the equation.
For the first time in Belarus’ modern history, public sector will be subjected to a complete financial analysis. The state is likely to stop interfering with activities of enterprises only in the most desperate cases. Most enterprises will continue operations after receiving state support and carrying out layoffs.
The Belarusian authorities have launched a discussion on the moratorium or abolition of the death penalty under the pressure of Belarusian human rights activists and international community. Apparently, the authorities are interested in monitoring public sentiments and response to the possible abolition of the capital punishment. The introduction of a moratorium on the death penalty would depend on the dynamics in Belarusian-European relations, efforts of the civil society organisations and Western capitals.
In Grodno last week, the possibility of abolishing the death penalty in Belarus or introducing a moratorium was discussed.
The Belarusian authorities are likely to continue to support the death penalty in Belarus. During his rule, President Lukashenka pardoned only one person, and courts sentenced to death more than 400 people since the early 1990s. Over the past year, Belarusian courts sentenced to death several persons and one person was executed.
There are no recent independent polls about people’s attitude about the death penalty in Belarus. Apparently, this issue is not a priority for the population. In many ways, public opinion about the abolition of the death penalty would depend on the tone of the state-owned media reports.
That said, the Belarusian Orthodox Church and the Roman-Catholic Church stand for the abolition of the capital punishment, however their efforts in this regard only limit to public statements about their stance. Simultaneously, the authorities could have influenced public opinion about the death penalty through a focused media campaign in the state media. As they did, for example, with the nuclear power plant construction in Astravets. Initially unpopular project of the NPP construction was broadly promoted in the state media, and eventually, according to independent pollsters, was accepted by most population.