Additional trading session at the Currency Exchange has been introduced
On 14 September the first additional trading session took place at the Belarusian Currency and Stock Exchange. Regardless of the demand exceeding the supply by far, the market value of USD has reached around Br 8,500, which is close to the previous month’s black market exchange rate (by 1.5 times higher than the official exchange rate).
On 14 September the first additional trading session took place at the Belarusian Currency and Stock Exchange. Regardless of the demand exceeding the supply by five times, the market value of USD has reached around Br 8,600.
Regardless of the demand exceeding the supply by five times, the market value of USD has reached around Br 8,600.
On the following day the Dollar exchange rate has lowered to Br 8500 (the turnover reached USD 15.964 million vs USD 3.298 million on 14 September). On the third day the market exchange rate stopped at Br 8,480 rubles per USD (turnover USD 27.21 million). The Russian ruble value fell by 1 ruble to Br 294, the Euro dropped to Br 12 140.
As of 14 September the Board of the National Bank of Belarus raised the refinancing rate from 27 percent to 30 percent per annum.
As of 14 September the Board of the National Bank of Belarus raised the refinancing rate from 27 percent to 30 percent per annum. The consistent increase of the cost of the borrowed money in the economy is intended to deter the customer’s demand for bank credits while trying to achieve a balanced exchange rate. At the same time, increased refinancing rate will become an additional stimulus for attracting savings in Belarusian rubles and reducing pressure on the exchange rates.
Some experts say the NBB very cautiously uses the administrative resource. For instance, the state-owned enterprises exporters are invited to sell the currency, while importers to wait. Moreover, enterprises per se do not take part in the trading session, only banks, which either owned by the government or dependent on it. Therefore the NBB is trying to increase the supply artificially and to knock down the demand. At the same time, all state media reports that the exchange rate will continue falling and will become closer to the official (Br 5200 per USD).
Commercial banks build in risks via the high spread between the buying and the selling price and do not guarantee the availability of currency, while the black market works with low spread and high turnover.
There is still a lack of currency in the banks’ currency exchange offices. In particular, banks operate only within the limits of the bought currency, and almost do not use their own funds. Regardless of the new exchange rates, the population is not queuing up to sell their currency, although there is a slight increase in sales against the background of the lack of queues of those willing to buy. Black market exchange rate has not disappeared: USD can be sold at Br 8,800 per USD (Br 8,200-8,300 in the banks) and bought at Br 9,000 (Br 9,200-9,500 in the banks, though not always available).
Therefore commercial banks build in risks via the high spread between the buying and the selling price and do not guarantee the availability of currency, while the black market works with low spread and high turnover.
The country's leadership has instructed the local authorities to raise minimum wages at enterprises by the end of 2019 to BYN 1,000, which would lead to an increase in the average wage in the economy as a whole to BYN 1 500. The pace of wage growth in 2017 is insufficient to ensure payroll at BYN 1000 by late 2017 without manipulating statistical indicators. In order to fulfil the president’s order, the government would have to increase budgetary expenditures on wages in healthcare and education, enterprises – to carry out further layoffs and expand the practice of taking loans to pay wages and restrict investment in modernisation of fixed assets. In 2010, the artificial increase in wages led to a threefold devaluation in 2011, an increase in the average salary to BYN 1500 will not match the capabilities of the economy and would lead to yet another devaluation.